Additionally, another exception occurred while executing the custom error page for the first exception. Hydroxychloroquine is used to prevent or treat malaria infections caused by mosquito bites. Chloroquine tablet in pregnancy Why take hydroxychloroquine with methotrexate Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine belongs to a group of medicines called quinolines. Plaquenil is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. I normally post on the arthritis board, and due to toxicity of the Plaquenil after 2 years, I have had to discontinue it, since I failed the visual field testing. Although I take Enbrel, and MTX, neither one work as well as the Plaquenil and the fatigue and joint pain have returned full force. Diagnosis Hydroxychloroquine-induced retinal toxicity Discussion. Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1. The United States Center for Disease Control provides updated guidelines and travel recommendations for the prevention and treatment of malaria in different parts of the world. It does not work against certain types of malaria (chloroquine-resistant). How to treat plaquenil toxicity Multimodal Imaging in Plaquenil Toxicity, Discontinued Plaquenil.other options? Chloroquine toxicity octChloroquine atom number This article is from June 2011 and may contain outdated material. Download PDF. Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American Academy of.. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and Recommendations for Screening. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. Apr 20, 2011 Problems with Plaquenil Use Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders. The risk of a toxicity sharply increases after 5 years, with majority of cases of retinotoxicity occurring in patients that have had a cumulative dose exceeding 1000g of hydroxychloriquine Plaquenil. This level is reached in about 7 years with the most common daily dose of Plaquenil, 400 mg/day 200 bid. Although it is considered rare, retinal toxicity from the intake of Plaquenil can be irreversible even if the drug is discontinued 2, 3. What is Plaquenil Toxicity? The toxicity resulting from the intake of Plaquenil is due to its affinity for melanin-containing structures in the body.